What to plant after the onion next year, so as not to disrupt the crop rotation

 What to plant after the onion next year, so as not to disrupt the crop rotation


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Good onions are not easy to grow. It is important not to plant it for several years in a row in the same place. Fortunately, many vegetable and flower crops can be grown after onions in the garden, but there are also those that cannot be planted.

What is crop rotation, what is it based on

Crop rotation rules are written on the basis of agronomic science and the rich experience of gardeners. They are not complicated at all and are based on just a few facts. The fact is that vegetables that are closely related and are part of the same family suffer from the same diseases, are affected by the same pests. Often, pathogens and pest eggs (or even adults) hibernate in the soil, so the next year, crops that may be affected by them cannot be grown in the garden.

All vegetables are divided into several groups according to their nutritional requirements. And if, after a "gluttonous" culture, plant the same one that requires a lot of nutrients, then they will not be enough even in the case of a good dressing of the garden. The balance of the main elements (nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus) can still be adjusted by applying fertilizers, and the balance of trace elements must be established over the years. Therefore, it is necessary to alternate vegetables that take out a lot of nutrition from the soil, and those that are content with little. To some extent, this problem can be solved by alternating crops with superficial roots and those whose root system penetrates deeply.

Many exemplary crop rotation schemes have been developed for summer residents.

In any case, the same culture is returned to the garden no earlier than 3-4 years later, or even later. And once every 5-6 years, the earth should be allowed to rest, nothing should be planted on this place.

Periodic sowing of green manures, grasses that are mowed and plowed before they produce seeds, help in the health of the soil. These are, for example, clover, oats, alfalfa, etc.

When choosing a subsequent culture, one must not forget that each vegetable prefers the soil of one or another composition, acidity, moisture capacity, etc., and also not everyone can put up with penumbra. In this regard, everything is in order with the onion: it grows only in the light, in breathable and moisture-absorbing soil of average composition, its roots are at an average depth, and it itself differs in that it disinfects the soil well.

What can be grown next season after onions

When choosing subsequent crops, it should be remembered that when growing onions, quite a lot of potash fertilizers are applied, some of which can change the acidity of the soil. Onions use quite a lot of nitrogen, while phosphorus is relatively small. You also need to pay attention to these points. Often, a strawberry plantation is set up on an onion garden next year, taking advantage of the fact that the phytoncides secreted by onion plants kill a significant number of pathogens.

The rules of crop rotation also relate to the question of after which onion are planted certain vegetables: all of its varieties act on the soil in almost the same way. Of course, after perennial onions, the garden should be seasoned much stronger and it is better not to plant the most demanding vegetables after it.

Of vegetable crops, after any one-year onion, they are most often planted:

  • any types of cabbage (white cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, kohlrabi, etc.);
  • all cruciferous (radish, turnip, daikon, radish, etc.);
  • pumpkin vegetables (zucchini, pumpkins, squash, cucumbers);
  • nightshade crops (eggplants, peppers, tomatoes, potatoes);
  • legumes (peas, beans, beans);
  • beets.

If you fertilize the soil well, you can grow a wonderful cabbage after the onion.

Regarding carrots, which are perfectly adjacent to onions in the same garden, it is believed that they are an acceptable vegetable crop after onions, but not the best. Not all gardeners welcome the cultivation of green crops after onions, but there is no ban on this.

What can not be planted after onions

After growing onions, the soil remains quite healthy, but there is a high risk that onion nematodes may remain in it, even if in the current season there were no obvious signs of its vital activity. Therefore, after any types of onions, no onion plants can be grown: onions, batun, leeks, multi-tiered onions, etc. You should not plant garlic in this garden next season: the agricultural techniques of onions and garlic are similar, they are generally the same diseases and pests. Of all the flowers, it is better not to plant any bulbous (lilies, tulips, daffodils, etc.).

No onion plants should be planted after onions.

After the onion, almost everything can be grown, except for related species - bulbous plants. At the same time, filling the beds with fertilizers should be carried out in full.

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If you neglect crop rotation, you can lose a significant part of the crop. It is necessary to plant vegetables according to its rules for the following reasons:

  1. When growing one type of crops, the same pathogens and pests accumulate in the soil, which requires additional processing of plants.
  2. The same vegetable crops absorb certain nutrients from the soil. Sucking out the same trace elements dramatically depletes the earth. The problem is solved by the introduction of mineral and organic fertilizers, which will require material costs.
  3. If the rules of crop rotation are not followed, toxic substances (viburnum) accumulate in the ground, which are secreted by the roots of plants. And if vegetables are grown in the same place for several years in a row, then the concentration of harmful compounds will be exceeded and will have a depressing effect on the planted crops.

Moreover, adherence to the rules of alternating vegetables will reduce the number of weeds and prevent soil depletion.

Crop rotation of carrots in the greenhouse and open field

It is difficult to maintain crop rotation rules in greenhouses due to the saving of usable area and energy consumption. Carrots get along well with tomatoes, garlic, cucumbers and onions. In greenhouses, it is used as the main crop, and onions are used as an additional crop.

Carrots are often grown outdoors. This the vegetable has a high susceptibility to its own toxins released during growth... It is recommended to re-grow it on the site only after 4-5 years.

Green manure is used to improve the soil... The scheme of alternating vegetables after carrots is as follows: in the first year - sowing green manure crops, in the second year - cabbage or cucumbers, in the third year - again green manure crops, in the fourth year - onions.

The note! Siderates include mustard, legumes, vetch, rapeseed, alfalfa, clover, lupine, oats, buckwheat, and radish. They contain large quantities of trace elements important for plants (nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus), as well as proteins, sugars, starch. When grown, their root system normalizes the soil structure.


What to plant after garlic and onions: useful recommendations for gardeners

Incorrect crop rotation, when the alternation of vegetable crops is not observed in one place for a long time, causes a lot of harm to soil fertility, plant productivity and a lot of benefits to the increased accumulation and development of similar diseases and pests. To minimize its negative consequences, one should focus on a variety of types of vegetable crops that heal the soil, and at the same time saturate it with the necessary nutrients, and also, which is very significant, suppress the vital activity of insect pests and pathogenic bacteria and fungi.

Many summer residents who like to grow garlic and onions in their garden plot, after collecting useful vegetables, wonder what to plant after them on the freed bed so that it is not empty, does not overgrow with weeds, but is ennobled and besides gave a new crop. say, pumpkin, cabbage, nightshade, legumes, and even strawberries if desired. All this will be discussed in our article.

What can be planted after garlic and onions in the same year (in July-August)

After harvesting garlic or onions, you can plant a lot of crops, and what to plant on a free bed in July-August - your choice will largely depend on the climatic characteristics of your place of residence, because the next vegetable or greens must have time to ripen, in other words, the duration of the period is important their vegetation. These crops, for example, should prefer shorter daylight hours and tolerate cooler conditions and early frosts well.

You should not, of course, forget about the rules of crop rotation.

Vegetables and greens

Cucumbers

It is believed that it is best to sow cucumbers in its place after harvesting the garlic.

  • But in this case, you must definitely take early maturing varieties.
  • And do not forget that cucumbers love the sun, so if you start to get cold early (you do not live in the south), then later you will have to put arcs and cover the plantings with agrofibre or film to maintain the required temperature.
  • In general, sowing cucumbers in July is a fairly common practice.
  • Many summer residents grow green cucumbers with great success on the site of the former garlic or onion beds.

Radish and radish

In certain regions, summer residents manage to grow on a garlic or onion garden regular radish, but in this case, it is better to wait until August, so that the length of daylight hours will decrease even more, and the radish will definitely not go into the arrow.

Advice! For planting, a variety such as "French breakfast" is ideal.

But already in July you can sow black radish or Margelan (green), and daikon (remember that this plant is thermophilic, you should not wait until August). These vegetable crops are sown exactly at this time - in the middle or in the second half of summer.

By the way! When and how to plant correctly radish in open ground is described in detail here.

Legumes: beans and peas
  • Some gardeners plant beans after garlic, but they may not have time to ripen, and its benefits for the soil are not as high as that of siderates.
  • It calms down the fact that it is much easier to sow peas from legumes on the former garlic or onion bed, which have time to ripen perfectly.
Greens

It is very good after such root vegetables, such as onions, to sow various spicy herbs, for example, parsley, dill, spinach, lettuce, cilantro or arugula, although planting should not be spontaneous and should be postponed until August.

Interesting! There is an old principle "Tops after roots"which fits perfectly here.

Chinese cabbage

Summer residents who especially value space even manage to plant seedlings and grow cold-loving Peking cabbage.

Siderata

To improve the fertility of the soil in the vacant place after harvesting the garlic, it is best to sow green manures, for example, white mustard, vetch or phacelia... They will just have time to build up the green mass, and do not forget that this is the best organic fertilizer for your garden.

Moreover, by sowing mustard, you can thus prepare (fertilize) the garden for the autumn planting of strawberries.

Note! On our website you can find instructions and tips for planting strawberries in the fall.

What can be planted to the beds after garlic and onions next year outdoors

In addition to the already listed vegetables and herbs, as well as siderates, that next year it would be reasonable to plant on the beds after garlic and onions according to the rules of crop rotation:

  • potatoes
  • cabbage
  • zucchini and pumpkin
  • strawberries (can be planted in autumn after white mustard)
  • physalis
  • bell pepper
  • tomatoes.

By the way! Although, if you have time to harvest onions and garlic back in June (if you live in the south or it has warmed up early this year), and you still have seedlings, you can plant them in their place peppers and tomatoes.

What not to sow and plant in a former garlic or onion patch

According to the rules of crop rotation, it is not recommended (but allowed!) To sow and plant in the place where garlic or onions used to grow:

  • beets
  • carrot.

In short, all root vegetables.

Important! After garlic and onion extremely not recommended again plant the same crops in the same garden bed.

If at your summer cottage you carefully and carefully focus on the correct distribution of planting material and at the same time want to increase the fertility of the soil and the yield of your beds in general, listen to our time-tested advice and recommendations on what is more rational to plant from various vegetable crops after harvesting early harvest of garlic and onions.


Planting crops after tomatoes - which is better to choose?

If the same plants are planted in the same place from year to year, then the probability increases that the newly planted crops will be exposed to the threat of the same diseases and will be attacked by the same pests as the previous plantings. In order to eliminate these negative impacts and not to ruin the harvest of the new season, it is necessary to collect the tops and take them outside the site, or burn them. In order for the plants to grow healthy and give a good harvest, it is necessary to follow the rules of crop rotation (which crop and after which it is better to plant).

Why is alternation useful?

  • It reduces the possibility of pathogens and pests in the soil and plants better consume nutrients from it.
  • Fertilizers (organic and mineral) are used rationally, taking into account their effect on various crops.
  • The effect of negative phenomena that some plant species emit is excluded.

For example, after tomatoes, the following crops will feel good and give a good harvest:

  1. In the beds where tomatoes grew, it is good to grow cucumbers. For this, it is necessary to additionally fertilize the soil. If there are two greenhouses on the site, then the tomatoes and cucumbers can be interchanged, which will make it possible to rest the soil and avoid diseases (since cucumbers and tomatoes belong to different plant families).
  2. It is allowed to plant onions or garlic after tomatoes. Last year's neighborhood of tomatoes will not affect their yield.
  3. Planted after tomatoes, all plants of the legume family (green peas, beans, beans) grow well and bear fruit. Additionally, they also saturate the soil with nitrogen. They do not require the presence of a large amount of nutrients in the soil, as for tomatoes.
  4. Carrots, radishes, beets coexist well with tomatoes. In this case, recommendations are triggered about the need to alternate plants with different root depths. Since these are root crops and go to a greater depth than tomatoes, they enable the soil to recover at an average depth.
  5. It is beneficial to plant after tomatoes for various herbs (lettuce, dill, parsley, celery and others).
  6. Any type of cabbage (white cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli) grows well if planted after a tomato. They belong to different families, therefore, do not suffer from the same diseases.

It is strongly not recommended to plant next year after tomatoes - the tomatoes themselves, potatoes, eggplants, strawberries. If the cultivation of tomatoes is carried out in a greenhouse, and it is in a single copy on the site, and there is no way to change the place of planting tomatoes, then after harvesting them, you can plant mustard in winter (it will perform the function of fertilizers).

Mustard can disinfect the soil and improve its condition. In the spring, the mustard is removed and tomatoes can be planted in its place. Observing all the recommendations, you must rely on your own experience. Each gardener has his own secrets and features of plant care. In each region, in different areas, the soil reacts differently to innovations.

So now you know what to plant after tomatoes next year... We hope that our advice will be useful to you, and you will be able to grow a rich harvest of vegetable crops in your summer cottage.


Sowing

The yield of parsley directly depends on the right choice of place. The worst idea would be to sow it in an area where dill used to grow. The best option would be a site on which zucchini, pumpkin or cucumbers previously grew. Parsley grows well even in semi-shaded and shaded areas. You will need a slightly loose soil rich in organic matter.

Seeds require minimal preparation before planting. This is necessary in order to ensure their best germination:

  1. Washing. The prepared seeds are washed in water at a temperature of 35 - 40 C. This will wash off the outer film of their essential oils, which prevents the rapid germination of seeds.
  2. Drying. After that, the seeds are dried and they are ready for sowing.

Before sowing, the soil is loosened and fertilized with compost. Seeds can be sown in the soil in a chaotic manner or in rows. In the second option, small grooves are made in the ground and seeds are poured into them. After that, they are sprinkled with earth to a depth of 1 centimeter and tamped. After that, the soil is watered abundantly.

Curly or corrugated parsley can be additionally sown along the edges of the flower bed as an ornamental plant.

Despite the unpretentiousness of parsley, this plant needs constant care. It includes gently loosening the soil, watering, fertilizing and removing weeds. It is most convenient to do this if the plant is planted in rows. To protect the parsley from possible frosts in May, it is advisable to cover the beds with a transparent film.

It is harvested after the first shoots appear. This will additionally prevent the soil from drying out, which is especially important for leafy varieties. In this case, the beds are regularly ventilated. For the winter, if there is not enough snow, the beds should be covered with spruce branches, sawdust or peat.

If we are talking about root varieties of parsley, the plants need to be thinned regularly. This will allow you to get large roots of the correct shape.

Watering

Parsley needs constant watering when planting in the spring. Without this, the greens will be weak, sparse and with small leaves. It is especially important to do this at the stage when there are no shoots yet. For leafy varieties, watering is needed to obtain 60 - 70% soil moisture.

Proper cultivation and maintenance of parsley root will produce more aromatic leaves. Watering should be stopped about a week before collecting greens. This will allow you to get a higher concentration of essential oils in the leaves.

Top dressing

Parsley needs summer feeding several times per season. To do this, use:

  • nitrogenous fertilizers. You will need 15 grams of superphosphate and the same amount of sulfuric potassium. The fertilizer is dissolved in 8-10 liters of water
  • infusion of mullein, compost or other organic fertilizer. 1 kilogram of organic fertilizer is diluted in 7-10 liters of water. The solution is poured over the ground around the plants without affecting the leaves.

Top dressing is stopped in August to avoid the accumulation of fertilizers in the leaves and roots.


What to plant in the beds after onions to ensure a good crop rotation

Planting the same crops from year to year in the same place in the garden means gradually deteriorating the harvest. Since the plant takes away substances useful for it, and pests characteristic of it accumulate in the soil.

See which plants are best to plant in the beds where onions grew to ensure a successful crop rotation.

Keep in mind that onions love to grow on alkaline soils and require potassium fertilizers, while taking a lot of nitrogen from the soil, but "indifferent" to phosphorus and calcium.

It is beneficial to plant the following crops in places where onions grew:

1) Strawberries or garden strawberries: they have no common diseases with onions and are unpretentious to the composition of the soil.

2) Pumpkin crops: pumpkins, zucchini, squash and even cucumbers.

3) Solanaceous crops: tomatoes, eggplants.

4) Some root vegetables: carrots and beets.

But the following crops will be reluctant to grow in the beds after onions:

1) Garlic: This plant has a similar nutritional system and the same pests. You can plant garlic in the beds after onions no earlier than 3 years later.

2) Bulbous flowers (tulips, daffodils): they too can suffer from lack of nutrients in the soil or be subject to onion pests.


What not to plant after onions next season and why

Despite the fact that after the onion, there are practically no pathogens in the soil, there is a possibility that it will be inhabited by nematodes - the smallest worms that greatly harm onion crops. Therefore, after any onion, it is categorically impossible to grow any of its closest relatives in the garden. They are garlic and any types of onions: batun, leek, family, multi-tiered onions, etc.

You should not plant bulbous flowers: lilies, daffodils, gladioli, etc.

There are no obstacles to planting other plants: from the point of view of food preferences, onions are relatively neutral, they do not deplete the soil very much. At least, after applying the usual doses of organic and mineral fertilizers, it is fully restored. This restoration can be helped by sowing siderates (oats, lupine, phacelia, etc.): after harvesting onions, which usually occurs in August, these herbs will have time to rise and grow, after which they are mowed and buried in the ground. The composition of the soil preferred by onions is suitable for almost any garden crops.

After the onion for next year, you can plant almost any vegetable and flower plants, with the exception of bulbous ones. However, fertilization of the soil must be carried out in full before this.


Watch the video: How to Grow Onions


Comments:

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  4. Grant

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